Benefits of Urban Parks: A Systematic Review

Many scientific studies on urban green space start with stressing the multiple benefits of parks and other green areas. There is general agreement, at least within the green space sector, that urban parks are essential for liveable and sustainable cities and towns. But how much do we really know about these benefits? How strong is the scientific evidence for the different benefits of urban parks? Many of the assumptions used regarding decision-making involving urban parks are not stated clearly and are often based on limited or poor scientific evidence on the potential evidence. This is a problem, as we live in a world where the demand for evidence-based decisions is increasing.
In order to provide a more qualified base for the International Federation of Parks and Recreation Administration’s (Ifpra) activities in terms of promoting urban parks and their benefits, the present systematic review sets out to answer the question: What is the scientific evidence for different benefits of urban parks?



Geographic Coverage

Australia-wide, New Zealand, Western Pacific Islands


At the end of 2011, the Executive Committee of IFPRA decided to assign a review study of urban park benefits. This work was to be coordinated by the Science Task Force of IFPRA. In response, a research team of four, representing three different institutions, three different disciplines, and four different nationalities was set up. The research team carried out a systematic review of the scientific evidence for urban park benefits during most of 2012.


Nielsen , Anders Busse (Author); Konijnendijk , Cecil (Author); Annerstedt , Matilda (Author)


IFPRA: 2013


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