Sport and Physical Activity Participation in Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) Groups

There is no formal abstract. The following text is from the report’s Introduction:
The City of Monash is one of the most culturally diverse municipalities in Australia, with almost half of the municipality’s residents born overseas. As such, the sport and physical activity approaches of the Council need to apply particular focus on developing appropriate and inclusive initiatives.
Sport and physical activity have immense physical, social, psychological, and environmental benefits to individuals and their communities. However, those born overseas (including English speaking countries such as New Zealand) are less likely to meet physical activity guidelines (83.3%) than the Australian born population (82.4%). Those who speak a language other than English were more likely to report no physical activity (15.1%) than those who spoke English (13.5%) (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2018). Children with a parent who speaks a language other than English at home participate in organised physical activity outside of school hours 7% less compared to children with parents who speak English at home (68% vs 75%) (Australian Sports Commission, 2018). However, it is difficult to know the exact numbers as it is challenging to collect data on ethnicity and informal participation (e.g., non-structured sport). In general, there is limited research investigating physical activity patterns of communities from different cultural backgrounds in Australia (Astell-Burt et al., 2013).
The report presented herein builds on a systematic literature review that synthesised global academic research on sport and physical activity participation of CALD groups (O’Driscoll et al., 2013). The report presents recommendations and findings for Council to consider for future directions and planning. Ensuring that Council facilities, opportunities, and plans for sport and physical activity participation are inclusive can support active living and lead to healthier futures for all Monash communities. The main findings of the report identified five focus areas for the City of Monash to consider: (1) resettlement and cultural change; (2) demographic differences; (3) personal, cultural, and social factors; (4) environmental factors; and (5) sport and physical activity considerations for CALD women and girls. (p. 8).



Geographic Coverage

Western Pacific Islands, Australia-wide, New Zealand

Journal citation

Not applicable


Robertson and O’Driscoll’s (2022) report provides a thorough review of relevant literature about culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) groups’ involvement in sport and physical activity. Although the report is focused on City of Monash, the literature is drawn from local, Australian and international sources. The principles of how to include CALD groups in community sport and physical activity are applicable in most municipal settings in Australia, New Zealand and other international settings. The report provides a summary of findings to include background of the five focus areas (refer to abstract), main enablers, main barriers, recommendations and strategies.
Thanks are extended to the Dr Jonathan Robertson, Dr. T~A(c)a O’Driscoll from Deakin University, and Ms. Jackie Grieves from City of Monash for making this report available. Formal citation for the report should be: Robertson, J. & O’Driscoll, T. (2022). Sport and Physical Activity Participation in Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) Groups. Deakin University and City of Monash.


Copyright owner: Deakin University and City of Monash


Robertson, Jonathan (Author); O’Driscoll, T~A(c)a (Author)


Deakin University and City of Monash: 2022